Concepts of Electrical Engineering that Engineers Must Know

Electrical engineering has been a major driving force of modern technology for generations, from powering our homes to providing us with access to information. Its importance and relevance still exist today, embodying the spirit of innovation that seeks out new possibilities in this ever-evolving field.

Electrical engineers are the masterminds behind effectively transmitting and receiving vital information. As undergraduates in this field, students have a unique opportunity to specialize in exploring the functional aspects of electrical engineering and its various real-world applications.

The world of information around us exists in two distinct forms: analog and digital. Analog signals, such as audio or video recordings, form a continuous stream where each moment is linked to the one before – think about music passing from note to note! On the other hand, digital formats are much more precise – text being an excellent example that breaks ideas into discrete chunks for easier understanding.

It takes great planning, development, and management to succeed as an electrical engineer. In this blog post, we’ll take a look at the key abilities and traits needed for the successful planning, development, and management of projects from an electrical engineering perspective.

We’ll also provide some expert tips to help ensure your projects run smoothly – enabling you to perform better than ever! So, let’s dive in!

Electrical Engineering Concepts

Concepts of Electrical Engineering

In modern times, when we talk about electrical engineering or the basic electrical engineering concepts, it is way more than lighting up a bulb in the room or using the microwave to heat your meal.

Today electrical engineering concepts have also taken on the form of information and knowledge transfer. With the advancement of technology, information and data are transferred and converted via electrical energy. One may use any energy to represent information, but electric signals are best suited for data processing, transmission, and modification.

Electrical engineering principles such as electrical signals, encoded information, voltages, energy, and electromagnetic wave manipulation abilities play a significant part in this sphere’s engineering operations and day-to-day tasks.

Electrical signals were previously not the primary choice to have the capability of storing data in them and then being transmitted across thousands of miles within microseconds. This energy conversion and transference is still subjected to the electrical engineering functional concepts of voltage, energy loss, and power. All in all, it makes it an exciting idea to know more about.

These fundamentals of electric engineering technology concepts move into different planning and development skills required of an electrical engineer in the industry and the field. Therefore, if you’re planning to appear for your FE electrical exam, it is imperative that you review all of these basic electrical engineering concepts along with the planning and development split through our FE Electrical exam prep course.

Let us now look at how electrical engineers can work with these electrical engineering concepts when designing and executing different projects.

1. Planning

Planning is a practical idea that provides an understanding of the sources, components, and methods of the strategy employed so that electrical engineers may quickly complete the design process.

Aiming for the desired goal involves more than an idea and some effort. It requires careful mapping out of the necessary actions to ensure success. Engineers have developed 4 key phases for this process, creating precise plans that guide them all along the way.

The steps are as follows:

  1. Establish the desired objective
  2. Define the problematic state
  3. Identify the gaps between problematic and objective conditions
  4. Set the limitations to close the gap and redefine the aim

Once the planning phase is complete in any project, the electrical engineer focuses on plan execution and delivery of the end objective.

2. Development

After the time spent planning, electrical engineers must face the challenge of putting ideas into action. Implementation is where all those carefully laid plans truly come alive! Therefore, if you have executed the planning stage well, the development phase will only run smoothly for you.

Strategic planning is the key to success – it’s a way of turning ambition into reality by mapping out a set of achievable steps toward achieving an overall goal. Engineers must clearly describe the factors fundamental to planning activities by assessing efficiency and implementation abilities.

Processing labor resources, technology, time, and other inputs are needed when it comes to execution. This is why engineers may find it cost-effective to plan an activity or project. The effort to comprehend the plan during implementation reduces costs and avoids the need for reworking.

Industry experts always say that the execution and development phase should be given the utmost importance, given the nature of the electrical engineering field and how the basics and function concepts remain static.

Thus, it is always great career-wise advice to execute the planning process flawlessly before the development phase. If you want to know more career tips curated specifically for electrical engineers, you can check out our guide on career tips for electrical engineers.

Tips for Electrical Engineers From the Perspective of Planning, Development, and Management

key strategies that can help electrical engineers

We’ll now highlight some of the key strategies that can help electrical engineers create value within their industry by expanding their skillset while advancing technology. Read on to explore strategies professionals use across all stages of engineering projects.

  1. Plan ahead: Electrical engineers should plan ahead to ensure that their projects are successful and cost-effective. Research potential materials, design systems, and processes, and think about how all these pieces fit together to save time and money.
  2. Develop a timeline: Break down the project into manageable chunks and develop a timeline for each step. This will help keep things on track while also giving you reasonable goals to work towards.
  3. Manage risks: Evaluate the potential risks associated with each step of your project and develop strategies for mitigating them. This will help to minimize any surprises down the line.
  4. Keep stakeholders informed: Ensure all stakeholders are kept informed throughout the project. This will ensure everyone is on the same page and working towards the same goals.
  5. Stay organized: Organization is key in project management. Ensure all materials, planning documents, and communications are properly stored and easily accessible.
  6. Be proactive: Don’t wait until a problem arises to take action. Be proactive in identifying potential issues and resolving them before they become more serious. 
  7. Learn from mistakes: If something goes wrong, take the time to analyze the cause and develop a plan to avoid it. This will help prevent similar issues from occurring in the future.
  8. Keep learning: Technology is always changing and evolving, so make sure to stay up-to-date with the latest trends and developments. This will help ensure that your projects remain successful in the future.
  9. Have a backup plan: Develop contingency plans for worst-case scenarios. This will help to minimize the damage if something goes wrong.
  10. Ask for help: Don’t be afraid to ask for help if needed. There are plenty of resources available to help electrical engineers with their projects. Utilize these resources, and don’t be afraid to ask for advice if you need it.


In this blog, we have tried to help you understand and comprehend the importance of electrical engineering concepts regarding their evolution and conversion. We also discussed the planning, development, and management aspects from an electrical engineer’s perspective.

This write-up will hopefully motivate you to revise and review fundamentals and the latest concepts in electrical engineering and help you prepare for your FE electrical exam.

Preparing for this exam requires not only focus but a consistent effort as well as professional guidance that you can find and rely on at Study for FE.


Licensed Professional Engineer in Texas (PE), Florida (PE) and Ontario (P. Eng) with consulting experience in design, commissioning and plant engineering for clients in Energy, Mining and Infrastructure.